Sunday, November 20, 2011

The Top 10 Supercomputers Around the World

Here we have an list of World's most Powerful systems, The list has been at SC11 conference in Seattle. These top Supercomputers are not just fast but their design and appearance are extraordinary aswell. These supercomputer are arranged according to their Processing Power. So check out the list below:

K SUPERCOMPUTER, RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science (AICS), Japan

The K computer – named for the Japanese word "kei" , which stands for 10 quadrillion – is a supercomputer being produced by Fujitsu at the RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science campus in Kobe, Japan.In June 2011, the TOP500 ranked K the world's fastest supercomputer, with a rating of over 8 petaflops, and in November 2011, K became the first computer to top 10 petaflops. It is expected to become fully operational in November 2012. 
The K Computer it achieved an impressive 10.51 Petaflop/s on the Linpack benchmark using 705,024 SPARC64 processing cores. The K Computer is the first supercomputer to achieve a performance level of 10 Petaflop/s, or 10 quadrillion calculations per second. In June 2011, the partially built K computer had taken the No. 1 position with a performance of 8.16 Petaflop/s.
TIANHE-1A, National Supercomputing Center, Tianjin, China 

Tianhe-I, Tianhe-1, or TH-1 , in English, "Milky Way (literally, Sky River) Number One", is a supercomputer capable of an Rmax (maximum range) of 2.566 petaFLOPS. Located at the National Supercomputing Center in Tianjin, China, it was the fastest computer in the world from October 2010 to June 2011 and is one of the few Petascale supercomputers in the world.
In October 2010, an upgraded version of the machine (Tianhe-1A) overtook ORNL's Jaguar to become the world's fastest supercomputer, with a peak computing rate of 2.507 petaFLOPS.In June 2011 the Tianhe-1A was overtaken by the K computer as the world's fastest supercomputer.
JAGUAR, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a multiprogram science and technology national laboratory managed for the United States Department of Energy (DOE) by UT-Battelle. ORNL is the DOE's largest science and energy laboratory.[1] ORNL is located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, near Knoxville. Scientists and engineers at ORNL conduct basic and applied research and development to create scientific knowledge and technological solutions that build the nation's expertise in key areas of science; increase the availability of clean, abundant energy; restore and protect the environment; and contribute to national security.
ORNL also performs other work for the Department of Energy, including isotope production, information management, and technical program management, and provides research and technical assistance to other organizations.

Nebulae is a petascale supercomputer located at the National Supercomputing Center (Shenzhen) in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. Built from a Dawning TC3600 Blade system with Intel Xeon X5650 processors and Nvidia Tesla C2050 GPUs, it has a peak performance of 1.271 petaflops using the LINPACK benchmark suite. Nebulae was ranked the second most powerful computer in the world in the June 2010 list of the fastest supercomputers according to TOP500.[2] Nebulae has a theoretical peak performance of 2.9843 petaflops. It is currently the fourth most powerful supercomputer in the world and China's second most powerful.
TSUBAME 2.0, GSIC Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology

Like the top-ranked Tianhe system, Tsubame 2.0 is a successor system that builds upon the design of a previously-ranked system. Tsubame 2.0 was developed by the Tokyo Institute of Technology in collaboration with NEC and HP, and is powered by more than 1,400 nodes using both HP Proliant servers and NVIDIA Tesla GPUs. It is Japan’s highest-ranked supercomputer. Plans are being developed for Tsubame 3.0.
CIELO, Los Alamos National Labs 

The new supercomputer named Cielo, the Spanish word for sky, will support all three national laboratories at the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), including Los Alamos, Sandia, and Livermore. Cielo is the next generation capability class platform for the Advanced Simulation and Computing (ASC) program. Cielo’s architecture is based on Cray’s next generation “Baker” architecture with AMD’s new Magny-Cours processor, Cray’s “Gemini” high-speed interconnect and Compute Node Linux operating system.
PLEIADES, NASA Ames Research Center 

Pleiades is a petascale supercomputer built by SGI at NASA Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California. As of June 2011, it was the world's seventh fastest computer[1] with a peak performance of more than 970 teraflops. After further extensions, Pleiades is scheduled to reach 10 petaflops in 2012.
HOPPER, NERSC at Lawrence Berkeley National Labs

Hopper is named for American computer scientist Grace Hopper, and now powers science research at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center’s (NERSC) at Lawrence Berkeley National Labs. Hopper is powered by the Cray XE6 system. A pioneer in the field of software development and programming languages, Hopper created the first compiler. The Hopper system clocked in at 1.05 petaflop/s.
TERA-100, CEA, France 

Tera 100 is a supercomputer built by Bull SA for the French Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique.
It was turned on on May 26, 2010. The computer, which is located in Essonne is able to sustain around 1 petaFLOPs maximum performance and a peak at 1.25 petaFLOPs. It has 4300 Bullx Series S servers ('Mesca'), 140,000 Intel Xeon 7500 processor cores, 300 TB of memory. The Interconnect is QDR InfiniBand. The file system has a throughput of 500 GB/s and total storage of 20 PB. It uses the SLURM resource manager for scheduling batch jobs.
Tera 100 uses Bull XBAS Linux, a Red Hat Enterprise Linux derivative.
As of June 2011, TOP500 deems it the ninth fastest supercomputer in the world.
ROADRUNNER, Los Alamos National Laboratory

When the Roadrunner system at Los Alamos first appeared at the top of the June 2008 TOP500 list, it was the world’s first supercomputer to achieve a top performance of more than 1 petaflop/s (1015 floating point operations per second). It has now slipped to seventh place in the latest survey.
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